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INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

Every organization wants to utilize is productive systems effectively and efficiently and wants to maximize its profit by meeting the delivery deadlines. A number of jobs involving many operations have to be performed and there are limited resources in terms of plant and-machinery on which the jobs have to be performed. It is necessary that available facilities are optimally utilized and they are loaded, scheduled and sequenced properly.

A sequence is the order in which different jobs are to be performed. When there is a choice that a number of tasks can be performed in different orders, then the problem of sequencing arises. Such situations are very often encountered by manufacturing units, overhauling of equipments or aircraft engines, maintenance schedule of a large variety of equipment used in a factory, customers in a bank or car servicing garage and so on.

The basic concept behind sequencing is to use the available facilities in such a manner that the cost (and time) is minimized. The sequencing theory has been developed to solve difficult problems of using limited number of facilities in an optimal manner to get the best production and minimum costs.